Ecological Research, Planning and Management

Documentation of local use of micro watersheds: Thamirabarani River Basin in Tirunelveli district

Supported by the State Land Use Research Board , the project aims to establish the baseline for a people centric watershed programme in the  Western Ghats of Tamil Nadu.

Developing the Ecological Management Plan for Indian Institute of Technology – Tirupati Campus

In continuation of the long association that Care Earth has had with the Indian Institute of Technology – Madras and Mandi, the task of developing the Ecological Management Plan for the Tirupati Campus has been entrusted to the institution.    Field assessments of the candidate site at Yerpedu, Chittoor district have been completed and initial results have indicated that the landscape is quite rich in its diversity of flora and fauna.

Monitoring of the impact of removal of Invasive Alien Species in the NBR

Supported by the Department of Evaluation and Applied Research and the Tamil Nadu Forest Department, Care Earth has launched the field assessment to monitor the impact of removal of Invasive Alien Species in the Nilgiris.

Diversity and Conservation significance of forest birds in the Eastern Ghats of Tamil Nadu

Duration: 2012-15

Funding Agency: Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Government of India

This study supported by the Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India, assessed the distribution and species richness of birds in different habitats of the Eastern Ghats of Tamil Nadu (TN). The study spread over 3 years resulted in a dataset of 8455 observations of 271 species of birds covering 9 districts of northern TN, viz. Tiruchirapalli, Salem, Namakkal, Erode, Dharmapuri, Krishnagiri, Tiruvannamalai, Vellore and Villupuram.

Birds were counted on short transects in the morning and evening to identify crepuscular and nocturnal birds. The major habitat types in the region are dense forests of the deciduous and semi-evergreen types, open thorn forests, riparian forests, plantations, rocky hillocks with scrub and wetlands. The research team made 8,455 observations in which 270 species of birds were recorded. Of these, 40 species are be considered common species of birds in the study area. The red-vented bulbul topped the list as the most common bird with 429 observations followed by the red-whiskered bulbul (300).

Developing a comprehensive Management Plan for conservation of Pallikaranai marshland

Duration: 2013-14

Funding Agency: Conservation Authority of Pallikaranai Marshland and District Forest Officer, Chengalpattu Division, Kancheepuram, Tamil Nadu Forest Department

The project aimed at identification of protection, restoration and conservation measures for Pallikaranai marshland and development of a comprehensive management plan with site specific additions or modifications. The Comprehensive Management Plan for Pallikaranai was based on the notion of Adaptive Management, which is a flexible, inclusive and knowledge-based approach. This plan accorded equal consideration to people and nature and in a manner is a reconciliation of conservation and development goals. In view of the significance and long term anthropogenic degradation of the Pallikaranai Marsh, it was recommended that while the first five years be considered as the building blocks for the process, definition of certain goals, notably those pertaining to habitat improvement need to be addressed in blocks of five years. It was also important that quarterly reviews of progress be undertaken to ensure mid-course correction, and establish benchmarks for monitoring achievements.

Protection, Restoration and Conservation of Madhavaram-Korattur-Ambattur Wetland Complex

Duration: 2014-15

Funding Agency: Public Works Department, Government of Tamil Nadu

The project results showed that Rettai Eri North, Korattur wetland and Ambattur wetlands had been compromised on their periphery, and were impacted by the lack of a buffer system. In terms of metal pollution of the three wetlands, Ambattur was the most contaminated, followed by Rettai eri and Korattur. De-silting, dredging and sediment flushing, maintenance of feeder channels and installation of water level monitors had been suggested to maintain the wetland area. Other recommendations included minimizing groundwater depletion, reducing ecological risks, restoring wetland attributes for supporting biodiversity, identification and restoration wetland areas under invasive alien species of plants and promotion of the wetland complex as a nature reserve and public space, creation of thematic green spaces, etc.

Preparation of Environment Management Plan for Eco-sensitive areas- Environment Management Plan for Srirangam Town

Duration: 2014-15

Funding Agency: Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu

The objectives of the project were to map the environmental profile of Srirangam town and identify the environmental pollution hotspots, to prepare an environment management plan to carry out restoration programmes that had been damaged or degraded by past activities that included rehabilitation and mitigation measures and to recommend guidelines for environmentally compatible land use planning. It was recommended that Environmental Management of Srirangam city needed to be built on the buy in of the stakeholders – such as the temple administration, state line departments, residents, pilgrims, service providers, etc., which could be achieved only when a massive awareness and capacity building programme was launched and sustained in the city that effectively depicts the link between a clean environment and the sacred. The need to evolve and maintain Srirangam as a green city had been emphasized in multiple formats, in addition to tamper proof garbage bins, digital boards on environmental hygiene, and the use of CCTV cameras backstopping.

Ecological Management Plan for the Proposed New Campus of Indian Institute of Technology Madras at Thaiyur, Kanchipuram District

Duration: 2015

Funding Agency: IIT (Madras)

The objectives of the project were to (i) enumerate selected classes of plants and animals in around the proposed new campus, (ii) to assess the habitat use by these species and identify habitats of greater conservation value, (iii) to identify critical habitats that need to be maintained in order not to lose the biodiversity of the natural landscape that is represented on campus, (iv) to identify species of animals that will be the flagships in long-term ecological management.

Greening of the Michelin Campus CSR and Onsite Support

Duration: 2013-15

Funding Agency: Michelin India Tamil Nadu Pvt. Ltd.

The objectives of the project were to (i) Carry out greening activities under the purview of CSR programme and (ii) Greening of Michelin plant and its surroundings at SIPCOT.

Wetland Participatory Management Planning and Preparation of Wetland Action Plan for 11 Bird Sanctuaries in Tamil Nadu (Vedanthangal, Karikili, Vellode, Vettangudi, Kanjirankulam, Chitrangudi, Mela-Selvanoor, Keela-Selvanoor, Koonthankulam, Vaduvoor, Udayamarthandpuram)

Duration: 2013-2014

Funding Agency: Tamil Nadu Biodiversity Conservation and Greening Project, Tamil Nadu Forest Department

The project involved development of a management and action plan based on primary and secondary studies; situational analysis and consultation. The project was carried out with the aim to develop a wetland action plan to strengthen the management of Bird Sanctuary enabling the key stakeholders (e.g. PWD and village communities) to engage in the formulation of plans. The management plan included various recommendations encompassing different domains including identification of flagship species, water and wetland area management, biodiversity and habitat management, invasive species control and monitoring, management of wetland as public space through local community participation, etc.

Developing Water Management Strategy and Action Plan for The Megamalai Wildlife Sanctuary, Guindy National Park and Erode Forest Division in Tamil Nadu.

Duration: 2013-2014

Funding Agency: Tamil Nadu Biodiversity Conservation and Greening Project, Tamil Nadu Forest Department

The objectives of the study were to address the current water scenario of water availability and to identity water stress area through remote sensing and field assessment in the project sites (Megamalai Wildlife Sanctuary, Guindy National Park and Erode Forest Division). The objectives of the project included: (i) to develop a water management strategy and action plan, (ii) to improve water retention capacity within seasonal or ephemeral bodies, (iii) to create permanent water holes, (iv) to manage and utilize the runoff water purposefully, (v) to protect the water resources originating in the watershed, (vi) to enhance groundwater recharge and (vii) to extend the availability of water through appropriate interventions.

Building a Grassroots Constituency to Conserve the River Moyar in the Mysore-Nilgiri Corridor (Consultancy)

Duration: 2009-2011

Funding Agency: Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund

The project resulted in building the capabilities of decentralized democratic institutions, viz. Panchayats and the local communities in engaging in a planning process for the conservation of River Moyar through a process of participatory assessments, training and capacity building and joint development of the Micro Plan. This had been achieved in 3 of the 5 Panchayats that were located along the river course. The Micro Plan had identified a set of conservation actions, including setting up of the River Moyar Conservation Brigade/ Vulture Watchers and setting up of the Community Conservation Learning Centre.

2 Responses to Ecological Research, Planning and Management

  1. Ecological Management Plan for the Proposed New Campus of Indian Institute of Technology Madras at Thaiyur, Kanchipuram District suggested to be evolved on the lines of Smart- Campus.
    This would have enviro- initiatives of water, waste, greens, energy conservation and others. Campus having a cordon of trees on the periphery abating noise- vibration, air quality improvers, RWH, waste water recycling using phyto remediation etc.. Campus bio- waste is co composted with cow- dung.. Appropriate greening done with principles of sustenance… to be concluded Ajit Seshadri, Chennai

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