Biodiversity Act

The Legal Safeguards for Conservation

The landmark Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) was introduced at the Rio Earth Summit on June 5th, 1992. The CBD is a framework agreement, i.e., the emphasis is to place the decision making at the levels of national governments without handing down any targets or goals. The CBD has 3 tenets

  1. Conservation of Biodiversity
  2. Sustainable use of its components
  3. Fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising out of the use

Apart from conservation aspects, there are two particular articles of the CBD that are pioneering